While other sports tend to focus on strength in duels and individual assertiveness, the emphasis in volleyball is very much on teamwork. The diverse volleyball-specific forms of play are unique and have a high value for the development of various socially desirable characteristics in the development of the individual personality. The essential characteristics, which cannot be found in this form in any other (ball) sport, have without exception a positive effect on the development of central character traits, which are required far beyond the actual game in all areas of successful and satisfying communication in society. This orientation thus directly favours personality traits in a playful way, which are also expected of modern professionals and managers in their later working environment but are also valued in the private sphere among good friends.

Basic rules:

Volley is a sport played on a flat surface divided into 2 courts by a net. The courts are delimitated by sidelines.

A rally (or point) is won from one team if:

  • the ball touches the opposite court inside the sidelines, the opposite team commit a foul (i.e., do not respect the touch’s alternance rule, send the ball out of the sidelines).

The rally starts by the service (only from the bottom) of one athlete behind the service line: the team that won the last rally have this right.

The match is won by the team that won the major number of points gained till a deadline time (to be determined).

This activity is adaptable to different formula, well balanced in enhancing different skills and easy to play. We want to put everyone in a position to express their full potential and allow a harmonic growth of technical-motorial-emotional-cognitive skills of the athletes and the group.

The aim is to create a sense of belonging, focusing on the values and the roles that every person involved in the activity could play to promote inclusion. The families can be informed easily about the importance of inclusive activities.

    Only determined and simplex touches are allowed to get the practice useful by everyone, with or without disabilities.

    Every component of a team should touch the ball only once time before sending in the opposite court.

    We consider different techniques to play the ball:

    1] punch hit (Superman blow)

    2] back of the hand hit

    3] stirrup arm strike (duck hit)

    4] bagher

    5] head hit

    6] foot hit

    7] handset

    We suggest considering the block as not allowed.

    There should be a gradual upgrade of the level of the game, and we can consider different phases.

    ‌The 1st phase is indicated for beginners with basic skills:

    In this phase the coach can let use only one technique (chosen by observing the basic skills of each athlete), maybe considering different techniques from each child.

    It is suggested to have no limit for the number of team’s hits.

    ‌The 2nd phase is for average players with advanced skills:

    The coach suggests 2 or 3 techniques related with the level of players.

    Is suggested to fix a limit for the number of team’s hits: the coach can fix a minimum or maximum number of team’s hits.

    ‌The 3rd phase is for expert players with fully developed skills:

    In this phase there is the use of all the different technical gestures.

    The peculiarity in this phase is that every component of the team must use different technical gestures from the team’s mates during a team’s rally.

    Is suggested to have a minimum and a maximum limit for the number of team’s hits.

    Location: We can use different playgrounds like volleyball and beach volleyball courts, inside a closed arena or outside in open space. We can also adapt into different environments or surfaces (like over a grass field).

    Equipment: The minimum equipment are 2 poles with a net, sidelines all around the court and a ball. The net height and the ball size and weight can be adapted to the players age and abilities.

    As mentioned at the beginning, volleyball is a special sport that strengthens social values like hardly any other. This offers the perfect conditions for implementation in the disability sector.

    The adaptability to the respective skill level and degree of disability is the greatest strength. As soon as all players are optimally challenged, fun is created, which results in an inclusive atmosphere and brings the children closer together.

    From a sports science point of view, this load brings optimal structural and cognitive adaptations. So, body and mind are trained.

    We can involve children and families in simple trails across a close park (or an adjacent urban green area) with the recognize of plants and animals. We can teach the use of hiking charts and compass and the basic skills to survive in wild areas. We can organize children and families in different groups in a fun game with the use of basic orienteering skills. This empathies team’s work and sense of belonging.

    After a competition day we can organize a party with the organization of a barbecue and the partition of duties and tasks (collection of wood, ignition of fire, selection of what to be cooked, cooking, set up of table and seats, etc.). This empathies the team’s spirit and the sense of belonging.

    Events are designed to be accessible to children of all ages and abilities (including PWID).

    This activity is open to all children, also considering people on wheelchair (for the sport activity over a solid surface).

    The focus is on participation and togetherness, not on competition.

    We want to promote an equal access, socialization, and health; enhance the implementation of abilities and potentials of all participants.

    Sport and side activities aim to create an environment based on fun and joy.

    PlayInc Key Aspects

    The rule that allows the players to touch the ball only once during a team action with different techniques from other team’s mates want to create inclusion and the overall vision of the game of other teammates stimulate the players to help each other in the spirit of teamwork.

    The different levels of play, suggested by the coach, meet the aspect of considering the skills of the children and put everyone in a position to express their full potential. This sport activity is based on a harmonic grown of technical-motorial-emotional-cognitive skills of the athletes and the group. The different formula of the activity stimulates creativity and the ability of coaches to create and adapt exercise and games. Training can be apart, with dedicated exercises dedicated to disabled and non-disabled children. This sport activity includes adapted rules with common goals in which all participants involved will reach the common objective. Location and environments of the game are designed to be accessible to all participants (including PWID). In general, the focus lies on promoting equal access, socialization, and health.

    Contact the organisation


    Name: International Workers & Amateurs in Sports Confederation (CSIT)

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